The needs of people in old age – part 1
The term “old age” usually brings to mind elderly people with health problems who have difficulty taking care of themselves. They are often lonely, and despite the free time available after the end of their career as workers, opportunities for fun are scarce. The needs of everyday life are increased and the elderly find it difficult to cope, as their economic situation is aggravated.
Their need to feel useful again to the community is strong, since most have their families and professional obligations taken care of. However, their need to provide and operate is often hampered by various health conditions that keep them on the sidelines of life. In short, elderly are at a stage of their life stereotypically characterized by loss of autonomy, worsening of quality of life and marginalization, three interrelated situations.
Referring to old age, it is usually used as a chronological separation limit from adults to elders, about 65 years old age. In this age physiological and biological changes in the human body begin to emerge. These relate to body composition and metabolism, and the different systems – cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal – and neurological / brain functions. These changes, which can be regarded as normal “wear and tear”, are consistently developing and emerging diseases, usually chronic in nature.
Starting from changes in body composition of an elder, we should mention that the ratio of water – fat changes with an increase in the percentage of fat and a corresponding reduction of water, and muscle mass. This, apart from obvious changes can be observed in the body, and not significantly affect the metabolism of various drugs. So it is important that the use and the pharmacological effect of taking drugs to be controlled in order to avoid effects of toxicity or reduced action. Furthermore, the reduction of bone density often causes problems in the skeleton and joints.
In the cardiovascular system is caused significant damage as physiological vascular lesions and impaired cardiac muscle lead to decreased blood flow. This has resulted in deterioration in cardiac function, as the myocardium meets the increased needs of the organism. These phenomena occur and lead to the development of chronic diseases. In addition, factors such as smoking and poor diet exacerbate the situation. High concentrations of “bad» LDL cholesterol and triglycerides lead to the creation of atherosclerotic plates and coronary artery disease, which weakens the heart muscle and can cause arrhythmias and heart failure.
…this article is provided by www.tiptonhomecare.co.uk